Women’s Health

Walking Compared With Vigorous Exercise for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Women

Interestingly, walking appeared to be as efficient as vigorous exercise in preventing cardiovascular events. From our viewpoint, the worldwide promotion of walking, not only for exercise, but primarily as a means of transportation, is crucial. In fact, the reduction in the amount of walking not only affects developed countries, but is also a hallmark of urbanization and westernization in developing countries.

The Epidemiology and Management of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is of particular concern because it leads to an increased risk of fractures, with subsequent negative impacts on health in older women.

 To reduce the risk of osteoporosis, all postmenopausal women should be encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle, which includes physical activity and a balanced diet. Smoking and alcohol use should also be addressed.

 The decision to recommend calcium supplementation should be made individually because there is concern about a possible increased risk of cardiovascular disease associated with this treatment.


Routine exercise should be recommended to healthy pregnant women after consultation with an obstetric provider. Even pregnant women who have not been exercising regularly can gradually increase their exercise during pregnancy. Regular exercise during pregnancy promotes overall wellness and helps maintain appropriate gestational weight gain and appropriate fetal weight gain.

Exercise in pregnancy may also reduce hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, and may be associated with shorter first stage of labor and decreased risk for cesarean section. Exercise in pregnancy is safe for pregnant women and their foetuses and can have multiple health benefits.

Women’s Health